October Monthly Digest

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Oktoberfest began in Munich in 1810, but the annual festival has belonged to the world for many years now! This celebration of all things Bavarian - music, bratwurst, dancing, lederhosen, and of course beer
dominates many U.S. cities this month. Cincinnati claims to hold the largest in the country, billed as "Oktoberfest Zinzinnati." First held in 1976 as a block party near Fountain Square, the Ohio weekend now brings over 500,000 people each year. The 1810 original in Munich was held to commemorate the marriage of Crown Prince Ludwig I to his princess. Only later did it become known as "Oktoberfest." Eventually, the festivities began in late September to allow for better weather conditions; chilly nights begin in early October in that part of Germany. During the Munich festival, the revelers consume nearly 5 million liters (1.3 million gallons) of beer. This year, they'll have plenty of time to do that: Oktoberfest will last 16 days! (The one in 1810 was a more sedate 7 days.)


This October holiday was named to remember the birth of the first published African American poet, Jupiter Hammon, who was born into slavery 10/17/1711 on Long Island. It was first celebrated
during the Harlem Renaissance in the 1920s, when African American literature, art, music, dance and social commentary flourished in Harlem. It began as a series of literary discussions in lower Manhattan. More than a literary movement the Renaissance celebrated a unique culture and heritage. It transformed African American identity and history. Pictured is Langston Hughes, unofficial Poet Laureate of the movement. To learn more about the Renaissance, visit www.jcu.edu/harlem/


Bet you think "Mole Day" on October 23rd is about moles! It's actually about molecules and Avogadro's Number, the formula used to calculate the molecules in any chemical substance. Almost every chemistry
class in the U.S. does some activity for Mole Day. For example, the "Pledge to the Mole", according to Kent State, is said while bending over and facing the ground - considering that, while actual moles may not be present, mole-cules certainly are!

Elsewhere in October
In India and elsewhere, Hindus celebrate the five-day Festival of Lights, or Deepavali, the time when good forces overcome evil. Homes are lit with tiny lights or candles to show victory over darkness. These lights are in clay pots filled with coconut oil. On the eve of Deepavali, prayers are held in homes and temples. In the afternoons, friends and families gather to visit and eat lots of traditional Indian foods.

October Events
• International Day for the Elderly (U.N.)
• "Alfred Hitchcock Presents," 1955
• Mexico becomes a Republic, 1824
• PBS becomes a network, 1970
• Anwar Sadat assassinated, 1981
• Yom Kippur
• Eleanor Roosevelt's birthday
• Columbus Day
• "I Love Lucy" premiers, 1951
• National Mammography Day
• The Concorde first transatlantic
• Mickey Mantle's birthday, 1931
• Phillies won first World Series, 1980
• United Nations Day, 1945
• Make A Difference Day
• "Doonesbury" premiers, 1970
• First subway system, Manhattan 1904
• Cotton Gin invented, Eli Whitney 1793
• Muhammad Ali wins first fight, 1960